MMA AT SUPERPRO SAMUI
Superpro Samui is the only place in koh Samui where we teach fulltime MMA. We have high experienced trainers who are able to make the classes accessible for all levels. MMA is a great sport to create strength, fitness, learn to defend yourself etc. At superpro Samui we have all the fascilities needed for our mma training, like a big dojo area and a professional mma cage. Members of Superpro Samui can join all our classes in Muay Thai and mma and can create their own schedule or we can help you with it.
MIXED MARTIAL ARTS IN KOH SAMUI
Mixed Martial Arts was originally based around the concept of pitting different martial arts and fighting styles against each other in competition with minimal rules, in an attempt to determine which style would be more effective in a real combat situation. Modern MMA Martial Arts competition is an evolution of such events, and rules have been implemented to promote acceptance of the sport, while at the same time maintaining as much of the original no-holds-barred concept as possible. There is however no general sanctioning body for the sport, and the sets of rules vary according to the laws of individual organizations and localities.
The techniques utilized in MMA Martial Arts competition generally fall into two categories: striking techniques (such as kicks, knees and punches) and grappling techniques (such as clinch holds, pinning holds, submission holds, sweeps, takedowns and throws). Some unarmed hand to hand combat techniques are considered illegal in arguably all modern MMA Martial Arts competition, such as biting, eye-gouging, fish-hooking and small joint manipulation. Over the last ten years strikes to the groin have become illegal in all legally sanctioned MMA Martial Arts organizations. The legality of other techniques such as elbows, headbutts and spinal locks vary according to competition or organization.
Victory is either gained by the judges decision after completing all rounds, a stoppage by the referee or the fight doctor (in the event that the competitor is injured or can no longer defend himself intelligently), a submission, by a competitor’s cornerman (throwing in the towel), or knockout.
HISTORY OF MMA
One of the earliest forms of widespread unarmed combat sports with minimal rules was Greek Pankration, which was introduced into the Olympic Games in 648 B.C. Some no-holds-barred events reportedly took place in the late 1800s when wrestlers representing a huge range of fighting styles including various Catch Wrestling styles, Greco-Roman Wrestling and many others met in tournaments and music-hall challenge matches throughout Europe.
The first major encounter between a boxer and a wrestler in modern times took place in 1887 when John L. Sullivan, then heavyweight boxing champion of the world, entered the ring with his trainer, the Greco-Roman wrestling champion, William Muldoon, and was slammed to the mat in two minutes.
The next publicized encounter occurred in the late 1890s when future heavyweight boxing champion Bob Fitzsimmons took on European Greco-Roman wrestling champion Ernest Roeber. Reportedly, Roeber suffered a fractured cheekbone in this bout, but was able to get Fitzsimmons down on the mat, where he applied an arm lock and made the boxer submit. In 1936, heavyweight boxing contender Kingfish Levinsky and the veteran professional wrestler Ray Steele competed in a mixed match, which Steele won in 35 seconds. In all three of these ‘mixed-matches’, the wrestler won.
Pankration was an ancient form of unarmed hand to hand combat resembling the MMA martial arts of today. The vogue for professional wrestling died out after the First World War, only to be reborn in two major streams: “shoot”, in which the fighters actually competed, and “show” which became increasingly dependent on staged combat and evolved into modern professional wrestling. Some authorities credit an ex-football player turned wrestler, Gus Sonnenberg, by using flying tackles and billy-goat butting, with ushering in the new style of sports entertainment wrestling.
Modern Mixed Martial Arts are rooted in two interconnected movements. First were the Vale Tudo events in Brazil, followed by the Japanese shoot wrestling shows. Vale Tudo (meaning ‘anything goes’) began in the 1920s with the famous “Gracie challenge” issued by Carlos Gracie and Hélio Gracie and upheld later on by descendants of the Gracie family. In Japan in the 1970s, a series of Mixed Martial Arts matches were hosted by Antonio Inoki, inspiring the shoot-style movement in Japanese professional wrestling, which eventually led to the formation of the first Mixed Martial Arts organizations, such as Shooto, which was formed in 1985.
Moreover, the emergence of Bruce Lee in the late 1960′s and early 1970′s paved the way for further studies of hybrid fighting through his theories on Jeet Kune Do. Lee believed that traditional martial arts were limited to fixed positions from which to strike; a “fancy mess” that strongly inhibited many fighters/practitioners. Lee borrowed facets of Wing Chun, Western Boxing, Fencing, Muay Thai, Karate, Jiu Jitsu, Filipino Martial Arts, and even Wrestling in order to come up with a fighting style that allowed relaxed movement and effective blows.
MMA Martial Arts gained real international exposure and widespread publicity in the U.S in 1993, when Royce Gracie won the first Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), sparking a revolution in the martial arts. In 1994, Frederico Lapenda became the first non-Japanese to promote an MMA Martial Arts event in Japan, the Vale Tudo Championship. In Japan in 1997, the continued interest in the sport eventually resulted in the creation of the PRIDE Fighting Championships.
EVOLUTION OF MMA MARTIAL ARTS FIGHTERS
In the early 1990s, three styles stood out for their effectiveness in MMA Martial Arts competition:
Amateur Wrestling, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and Shoot Wrestling. This may be attributable in part to the grappling emphasis of the aforementioned styles,
which, perhaps due to the scarcity of MMA Martial Arts competitions prior to the early 90s, had been neglected by most practitioners of striking-based arts.
Even though fighters combining amateur wrestling and striking dominated the
standing portion of an MMA fight, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu stylists had a distinct advantage on the ground.
Those unfamiliar with Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu proved to be unprepared to deal with its submission techniques.
Shoot wrestling practitioners offered a balance of amateur wrestling ability and catch wrestling based submissions resulting in a generally well rounded set of skills.
The shoot wrestlers were especially successful in Japan, where the martial art initially dominated other arts.
As MMA competitions became more and more common place,
those with a base in striking became more competitive as they began to acquaint themselves with takedowns and submission holds, leading to some notable upsets against the dominant grapplers.
Subsequently those from the various grappling styles learned from each other’s strengths and shortcomings and added striking techniques to their arsenal.
This overall development of increased cross-training resulted in the MMA fighters becoming increasingly multi-dimensional in their skills.
Phases of Combat
A fighter attempts to escape from an armbar by slamming the opponent to the ground. As a result, the MMA sporting events, martial arts training
and the understanding of the combat effectiveness of various strategies have changed dramatically over the last ten years. MMA competition has indicated that there are three distinct phases in unarmed fighting:
While the early years included the widest possible variety of traditional styles (everything from sumo to boxing),
the continual evolution of the sport has practically eliminated less effective and “pure” styles, usually because fighters who specialized in one particular style were lacking in skills to defend from other techniques.
Today, Mixed Martial Artists train in a variety of styles that have been proven effective in the ring, so that they can be effective in all the phases of combat. Although MMA fighters will try to play to their particular specialties, they will inevitably encounter all kinds of situations; a stand-up fighting specialist will probably get taken down at some point and a submission artist might need to fight standing-up for a while before he can complete a takedown. A Mixed Martial Artist might train in a particular style to enhance his or her skills in the phase of combat that the style encompasses. Typical styles, known for their effectiveness, that have been trained prior to the MMA career, and that are trained individually to enhance a particular phase of combat, are:
Competition requires training in striking, wrestling and submission fighting
– Stand-up: Boxing, Kickboxing, Muay Thai, and sometimes Karate and Taekwondo are trained to improve footwork, elbowing, kicking, kneeing and punching.
– Clinch: Freestyle and Greco-Roman Wrestling, Sambo, and Judo are trained to improve clinching, takedowns and throws, while Muay Thai is trained to improve the striking aspect of the clinch.
– Ground: Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Shoot Wrestling, Catch Wrestling, Judo, and Sambo are trained to improve submission holds, and defense against them. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and styles of amateur wrestling are trained to improve positioning.
Many styles have to be adapted slightly for use in the sport. For example, several boxing stances are ineffective because they leave fighters vulnerable to leg kicks or takedowns. Similarly, Judo techniques have to be adapted to an opponent not wearing a Judo-Gi. Commonly, modern day MMA fighters do not train in any particular style, but either train in multiple styles with multiple coaches, or train in teams with other MMA athletes focusing specifically on MMA fighting. Conditioning, calisthenics and strength training are also important aspects of an MMA fighters training. Mixed Martial Arts competition is very demanding physically, and the athletes need to be in top shape to be successful.